When it comes to protecting your floors, you need a reliable, affordable option that will last. There are plenty of flooring coating options out there, but they can be expensive and dangerous to apply by yourself.
Resin floor coatings are one of the best floor coating options available. Affordable, durable, and easy to apply, resin epoxy floor coatings are great for high traffic areas that need extra protection. Although epoxy is easy to apply, you need to carefully follow the installation steps to get a good result.
In this article, we’ll give you a complete guide for resin flooring and show you how to apply your own resin epoxy flooring.
A Guide For Resin Flooring: Choosing the Right Resin
The first step in applying a resin epoxy coating is choosing the right resin for the job. When it comes to resins, there are three main types: solid resins, solvent-based resins, and water-based resins.
Solid resins are very difficult to apply because they dry very quickly, which means you won’t have any extra time to fix errors or take a break. Solid resins should only be applied by a professional who can apply the resin quickly and without error.
Solvent-based resins don’t dry as quickly as solid resins, but they still offer challenges. Solvent-based resins can give off powerful, dangerous fumes which can be harmful to your health. If you’re applying solvent-based resins, you’ll need to wear a ventilator and keep the area ventilated, as well as keeping any pets or children away from the area.
Water-based resins are similar to solvent-based products, but they do not give off harmful fumes. They are also frequently sold at home improvement stores and other locations, making it easy to find and buy. If you’re applying resin for the first time, you should use a water-based resin to avoid any injuries or issues.
Preparing for Installation
Once you’ve chosen the right resin for the job, you need to prepare for installation. This involves getting the right tools and preparing the floor to accept the resin epoxy.
Getting the Right Tools
To get the best results, you’ll need the proper tools. These tools will help you prepare the floor, acid etch the floor, and apply the resin in an even coat.
Make sure that you have the following tools at the ready before applying your resin:
- Long Handled Paint Roller
- Rubber Gloves
- Rubber Squeegee
- Power scrubber with Scrubber Attachment
- Wet/Dry Shop Vac
- Stiff Bristle Brush
- Painter’s Tape
- Drill with Stirring Bit
- Muriatic Acid
- Cleaning/Degreasing Solution
Preparing the Floor
To get the resin to stick to the floor, it needs to be properly prepared. This involves cleaning the floor thoroughly to remove any dust, dirt, or stains.
Start by using the scraper to remove any hardened material. This includes paint, glue, and extra cement. Once you’ve removed any hardened material from the floor, use the shop vac to vacuum up any other dirt and debris.
After vacuuming the floor, make sure to use a cleaning or degreasing agent to remove any oil stains or spills. Once you’ve cleaned any stains, use your power scrubber to thoroughly clean the rest of the floor. Once you’ve cleaned the whole floor, use the rubber squeegee to collect the solution and use the shop vac to remove the solution.
Acid Etch the Floor
Once you’ve cleaned the floor, it’s time to acid etch the floor. This will create small abrasions on the concrete which will help the epoxy penetrate and absorb into the floor.
The first step in acid etching is to make sure the floor is wet. The acid will eat too far into the concrete if it is not wet and will change the appearance of the concrete. Spray the floor with a garden hose to wet the concrete, but do not create any puddles.
Mix one part muriatic acid with three parts of water. Typically speaking, a quarter-gallon of muriatic acid is enough to cover an area of four to six square meters when properly diluted. Make sure to add the acid to water, instead of adding water to acid. This prevents incidents of acid splashing back onto your skin and causing injury.
Once mixed, use a plastic watering can to distribute the solution evenly over the area. After applying the acid, wait between 10 and 15 minutes for the acid to eat into the concrete. After the floor has been etched, rinse off the floor three times to remove the acid from the concrete. Let the floor dry overnight before applying your resin epoxy.
Apply Your Resin
Once the floor has dried, you can start applying your epoxy resin. Mix the resin epoxy in a bucket using the drill and stirrer bit. Make sure the resin is properly mixed or it won’t adhere properly.
After mixing the resin, use the painter’s tape to mark off the area that you will be applying the resin. After putting down the tape, use your paintbrush to paint the resin along the edges of the tape. This will give you a clear perimeter of where you should apply your resin.
Use the long-handled paint roller to apply the rest of the resin after creating a perimeter. Dip the roller in the resin until it is halfway submerged. This ensures you aren’t overloading the roller.
After dipping it in the resin, roll the roller back and forth in a W-motion. Make sure to roll back over the areas you miss with the roller, maintaining the W-motion. As you are rolling, make sure the edges of the resin do not dry out. This creates noticeable seams and differences in the layers of resin. Once the resin layer is applied, wait two hours for the coat to completely dry.
Applying the Second Coat
You’ll need at least two layers of resin to make your floor coating effective, so mix up another batch of liquid resin. If you want your floor to be slip-resistant, you should add a slip-resistant material to the resin coating at this stage while it is still wet.
Apply your second coat of resin in the same way you applied your first coat, using the W-motion to apply it. If you want to add coloured specks to your floor, you can scatter them across the floor after the resin has been applied and is still wet.
You should wait at least two hours for the resin to dry, and wait 24 hours before applying stress or pressure on the floor.
Protect Your Floors Today
Now that you have a guide for resin flooring and you know how to safely apply it, you can apply your own resin coating and protect your floors from damage.
If you have any questions about applying resin floor coating or caring for your resin floors, please contact us.